In order to reduce the likelihood of irritation and dryness, which might highlight the dark areas, a good moisturiser is also necessary.
Have you ever caught a person with black splotches on their face? Melasma is one of the most prevalent disorders that can cause this. Women are more likely to suffer from melasma, a persistent hyperpigmentation illness, especially if they have darker skin. Melasma is sometimes referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” since hormonal shifts can cause it. Although it is not unpleasant and has no serious health risks, persons who have this condition might experience tremendous emotional stress. Many efficient medical therapies are available, and Dr. Monica Chahar, Chief Dermatologist & Director, Skin Decor, Dwarka, New Delhi, has made every effort to discover a cure for this illness.
- Dermatologists’ best and most pertinent medical advise for melasma sufferers is to use extreme sun protection.
- Applying sunscreen and wearing the right attire will help you avoid overexposure to the sun. However, it’s important to keep in mind that not all sunscreens are made equal.
- The sunscreens that block UV rays from the sun as well as visible and infrared light are the most effective at preventing melasma.
- Patients with melasma should, in general, use tinted broad-spectrum sunscreens. In spite of the season, it is essential to always use sunscreen.
Prescription Drugs And Topical Remedies
- To assist reduce melasma, your dermatologist could recommend several oral and topically applied treatments.
- Azelaic acid, kojic acid, hydroquinone, and lotions with vitamin C all reduce the development of melanin.
- Niacinamide and topical retinoids are a few of examples of drugs in this category that prevent the transfer of colour between skin cells.
- Drugs that speed up skin turnover: This category includes topical retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids, and beta hydroxy acids.
In some circumstances, the dermatologist may advise using oral drugs like tranexamic acid and antioxidants. Chemical peels, laser therapy, and certain combination treatments are suggested as further melasma therapies. To maintain the outcomes, a maintenance programme is typically required in addition to many sessions.
- There are particular strategies to treat melasma by taking certain preventative measures in everyday life. It is important to remember to follow a healthy sun protection routine.
- Patients with melasma are also recommended to use mild cleansers and steer clear of powerful chemicals that might irritate their skin and weaken the skin barrier.
- In order to reduce the likelihood of irritation and dryness, which might highlight the dark areas, a good moisturiser is also necessary.
- And it is important for melasma patients to talk with their dermatologist before taking any new drugs to identify any potential triggers of the ailment.
- Melasma sufferers are also encouraged to be patient because treating this ailment takes ongoing care.